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ICC World Cup 2023 Schedule: Dates, Matches, and Exciting Cricket Action

ICC World Cup 2023 Schedule: Dates, Matches, and Exciting Cricket Action

Get ready for some thrilling cricket action! The ICC (International Cricket Council) has just announced the schedule for the ICC World Cup 2023. The tournament is all set to begin with the first match on October 5th. Let’s take a look at the full schedule below.

India, as the host nation, has secured a special spot in the tournament. Alongside India, teams like Afghanistan, Australia, England, Bangladesh, New Zealand, Pakistan, and South Africa have made it to the 2020-23 ICC Cricket World Cup Super League. And there’s more excitement! Zimbabwe, currently battling in the qualifiers, will join two additional teams in the tournament.

In this exciting competition, each of the ten teams will play against the other nine. After these initial matches, the top four teams will move on to the semi-finals and finals. The action-packed journey starts on October 5th, and the grand finale is set for November 19th in Ahmedabad.

Team India’s Journey in ICC Cricket World Cup 2023

Let’s see into the matches of Team India:

1st Match: India vs Australia on October 8th in Chennai
2nd Match: India vs Afghanistan on October 11th in Delhi
3rd Match: India vs Pakistan on October 15th in Ahmedabad
4th Match: India vs Bangladesh on October 19th in Pune
5th Match: India vs New Zealand on October 22nd in Dharamshala
6th Match: India vs England on October 29th in Lucknow
7th Match: India vs Qualifier 2 on November 2nd in Mumbai
8th Match: India vs South Africa on November 5th in Kolkata
9th Match: India vs Qualifier 1 on November 11th in Bangalore

History of Cricket World Cup :

The Cricket World Cup has a fascinating history that dates back to 1912 when Australia, England, and South Africa faced off. It evolved into the format we know today in 1975, with a focus on limited-overs cricket. The first-ever World Cup involved six nations.

Australia has been a standout team in World Cup history, clinching the trophy five times. They secured a hat-trick of victories from 1999 to 2007. Meanwhile, India and the West Indies have each triumphed twice, while Sri Lanka and Pakistan have claimed the title once.

In its early days, the West Indies held dominance, but Australia emerged as a cricket powerhouse. Back then, players sported white attire, and the matches featured a red ball. The inaugural World Cup commenced on June 7, 1975, in England, with matches played in a 60-overs format.

The opening match of that historic tournament was between India and England, ending in India’s defeat. The West Indies emerged as the victors of the first World Cup held from June 7th to 21st, 1975.

Cricket’s journey through time tells us tales of iconic moments and shifting dominances. As we anticipate the upcoming ICC Cricket World Cup, let’s celebrate the legacy and thrill that cricket brings to our lives.

World Tribal Day History : Vishva Adivasi Divas 2023

World Tribal Day History : Vishva Adivasi Divas 2023

Indigenous Day, celebrated every year on August 9th, is a regional public holiday. It was declared by the United Nations in 1993 to coincide with the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples. The term ‘Indigenous’ refers to various tribal communities residing in the Indian subcontinent, while the word ‘Day’ translates to ‘Din’ in Hindi. Despite progress in modern society, indigenous people are often associated with marginalized groups. Indigenous Day strives to recognize the challenges they still face and honors their resilience and struggle for improvement. Approximately 104 million people (over 9% of India’s population) fall into this category.

Indigenous Day :

Celebrated annually on August 9th, World Indigenous Day is observed. World Indigenous Day 2023 will also be celebrated on Wednesday, August 9th. This day is dedicated entirely to the world’s indigenous populations. Essentially, the term ‘indigenous’ is a collective term for India’s tribal communities. According to the 2011 census, 8.6% of India’s population, around 104 million people, are indigenous. In central India, the state of Madhya Pradesh is home to a significant number of tribal communities, with indigenous populations making up 20% or 15 million of the population. Indigenous Day is celebrated on August 9th to honor and recognize the unique challenges they face and to acknowledge their resilience and determination for improvement. This is a regional public holiday as it corresponds to the date of the United Nations’ International Day of Indigenous Peoples.During December of 1994, a resolution by the United Nations General Assembly was passed, designating the annual commemoration of the International Day of the World’s Indigenous People on the 9th of August. This date was chosen during the first meeting of the United Nations Working Group on Indigenous Populations on Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights held in Geneva in 1982.

History of Indigenous Day :

These communities primarily reside as tribal societies within India. This term also refers to ethnic minorities in neighboring countries such as Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. However, India does not consider its indigenous populations as ‘indigenous.’ It is believed that these communities were the original inhabitants of India before the Dravidian and Indo-Aryan migrations. Although many tribal communities have emerged since the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization, today’s indigenous communities struggle to preserve their identity, culture, and dignity. In the midst of advancements, indigenous populations across the globe encounter obstacles ranging from prejudice and bias to assimilation, compelling them to safeguard their distinct identity and cultural legacy. In Jharkhand, nearly 28% of the total population belongs to indigenous communities, including Santhal, Banjara, Bihor, Chero, Gond, Ho, Khond, Lohra, Mai Pahadiya, Munda, and Oraon, among others.

This is why Indigenous Day is celebrated, to encourage and promote indigenous communities in their upliftment while preserving their culture and honor. On August 9th each year, International Indigenous Day is celebrated to bring indigenous communities, organizations, the United Nations, and governments of various countries together in celebrating through various events that include discussions, cultural programs, and awareness campaigns.”

When is World Indigenous Day celebrated? When is World Indigenous Day 2023?

Every year, Indigenous Day is celebrated on August 9th. This day is a regional public holiday observed on August 9th each year to honor local communities. It was declared by the United Nations in 1993, corresponding to the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples. The term ‘Indigenous’ refers to various tribal communities residing in the Indian subcontinent, while ‘Day’ translates to ‘Din’ in Hindi. Despite advancements in modern society, Indigenous people often belong to the most economically disadvantaged ethnic groups. Indigenous Day provides an opportunity to recognize the challenges they still face and to honor their resilience and struggle for improvement. Approximately 104 million people (more than 9% of India’s population) fall into this category.

How to Celebrate Indigenous Day :

Appreciate Indigenous Art:

Acknowledge and celebrate art forms created and preserved by tribal communities. These art forms can be Warli, Madhubani, Bhil, and Gond art.

Read Indigenous Literature:

Read literature produced and safeguarded by tribal societies through their oral traditions. This will provide better insights into their lives and history.

World Indigenous Day 2023:

World Indigenous Day 2023: The total global Indigenous population is approximately 470 million. Furthermore, there are more than 100 isolated tribal groups worldwide. Among the 7,000 languages spoken globally, around 4,000 are spoken by Indigenous people. Indigenous people worship nature, revering mountains, rivers, trees, birds, and animals. They maintain a harmonious connection with their natural environment and possess exceptional ecological knowledge. Over thousands of years, tribal communities have developed extraordinary skills for survival. It is astonishing that the 2004 tsunami did not affect the Indigenous people of the Andaman Islands. Upon seeing the receding tide, they immediately moved to higher ground, a reflection of their profound knowledge. In India, Indigenous population accounts for 8.6% of the total population. They are listed as Scheduled Tribes in the Indian Constitution. Indigenous groups in India include Gond, Munda, Ho, Bodo, Bhil, Santhal, Khasi, Garo, Great Andamanese, Angami, Bhotiya, Chenchu, Kodava, Toda, Meena, Birhor, and many others.

How many Indigenous tribes reside in India?

Out of the 500+ Indigenous communities in India, approximately 75 are highly skilled in agriculture and pre-agricultural technology. These groups face challenges due to low literacy, economic disparities, and a stable or declining population. Ensuring the security of Indigenous groups in India requires considering various factors that might negatively impact them. Despite this, a notable characteristic of some endangered groups is their extremely small and/or decreasing population.

Bhils:

Bhils are mainly found in Udaipur in the Aravalli hills of Rajasthan, as well as in parts of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Tripura.

Great Andamanese:

The Great Andamanese tribes, including the Onges, Jarwas, Jangil, and Sentineli, are considered the original inhabitants of the islands. However, their survival is on the brink of extinction.

Santhals:

Santhals are predominantly dependent on agriculture and animal husbandry. They are primarily located in West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha, and Assam.

Munda:

Munda tribes inhabit the Chota Nagpur plateau, mainly in Jharkhand but also in parts of West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, and Odisha.

These Indigenous communities hold a wealth of cultural diversity, unique traditions, and rich histories that deserve acknowledgment and preservation.

The Indigenous Tribes:

Indigenous tribes are known for their vibrant ways of life. Their main abode lies within the Meghalayan hills, adjacent areas of Bangladesh, and sections of West Bengal, Assam, as well as Nagaland. 

Munda Tribe:

Residing mainly in the Chota Nagpur Plateau region, the Munda tribe is predominantly found in Jharkhand’s Jharia region. Moreover, the Munda indigenous groups can be sighted in the expanse of West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, along with certain portions of Odisha.

Kurumba Tribe:

The Kurumba tribe exhibits a simple lifestyle, relying on agricultural products primarily in Tamil Nadu and Kerala. They are also known for their traditional herbal medicine practices and magic.

Bodo Tribes:

Today, the Bodo tribes are found in Assam’s Udalguri and Kokrajhar, as well as parts of West Bengal and Nagaland. They have a tradition of consuming meat.

Irula Tribe:

Numbering roughly 300,000 individuals, the Irula ethnic community dwells within the realms of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, as well as specific territories within Kerala.

Toto Tribe:

The Toto tribe is part of isolated indigenous communities in the Jalpaiguri district of West Bengal, particularly in the Totopara village. They lead a simple lifestyle, depending mainly on trade of vegetables and fruits.

Facts about Tribes You Might Not Know:

Overcoming Prejudices

Despite protective provisions, indigenous communities still face biases and misconceptions in mainstream India.

Lack of Adequate Literacy

Many tribal children drop out of school early due to financial constraints, impacting their education.

Social and Economic Challenges

It’s estimated that nearly half of the indigenous population lives below the poverty line nationally.

Displacement Issues

Several communities are still losing their homes due to large-scale development projects like mining and dam constructions.

Isolated Tribes

Only a few tribes in the world, such as those within a three-mile journey of an island, are restricted by the Indian government for contact.

Why Indigenous Day Matters?

Preservation of Art and Culture

Indigenous communities possess a treasure trove of tradition, culture, and heritage that must be preserved and understood.

Environmental Stewards

Native societies safeguard a wealth of traditions, culture, and heritage that necessitate conservation and comprehensive comprehension.

Right to Dignified Living for All

Indigenous people have long been on the fringes, and despite governmental support, many still lack resources to escape poverty. Recognizing their struggles and extending necessary aid is crucial.

Conclusion:

The observance of Global Indigenous Day serves as a poignant reminder that the integral inclusion of indigenous communities enriches the fabric of our society. Respecting their culture, language, traditions, and ensuring their protection is our responsibility. This day underscores the need for unity and harmony under the banner of humanity. Celebrating this day together offers an opportunity to understand, support, and uplift indigenous communities’ prosperity.

 

Manipur Violence Reasons in Hindi : Why Manipur is Burning

Manipur Violence Reasons in Hindi : मणिपुर में आगजनी हिंसा का मुख्य कारण क्या है?

मणिपुर में सेना को हिंसा प्रभावित इलाकों में शांति भंग करने या किसी भी तरह की हिंसा करने वालों को देखते ही गोली मारने का आदेश दिया गया है.

कहा जा रहा है कि मणिपुर में आंदोलन के दौरान हुई हिंसा और आगजनी पर काबू पाने के लिए राज्य सरकार ने यह अहम कदम उठाया है.

इस आदेश को राज्य बोर्ड से भी मंजूरी मिल गयी है.
मणिपुर राज्य में बढ़ती हिंसा को देखते हुए सभी हिंसा प्रभावित इलाकों में सुरक्षा के लिए सेना और असम राइफल्स के जवानों को भी तैनात किया गया है.
फिलहाल मणिपुर में करीब 4000 लोगों को सुरक्षित स्थानों पर पहुंचाया जा रहा है। स्थिति को नियंत्रित करने के लिए पांच दिनों के लिए इंटरनेट सेवाएं निलंबित कर दी गई हैं और करीब आठ जिलों में कर्फ्यू भी लगाया गया है।

 

मणिपुर में हिंसा और आगजनी क्यों हो रही है?

मणिपुर राज्य के पूर्वोत्तर में हिंसा की लहर के कारण सरकार ने मणिपुर राज्य के आठ गैर-आदिवासी जिलों में कर्फ्यू लगा दिया है। 
1.मैतई जनजाति को अनुसूचित जनजाति का दर्जा देने पर हिंसा भड़क उठी है, जो मणिपुर राज्य की आबादी का 53 प्रतिशत है।
2.मणिपुर हाई कोर्ट ने 19 अप्रैल को एक फैसला सुनाया था, जिसमें मैतई समुदाय को अनुसूचित जनजाति में शामिल किया गया था.  लेकिन नागा और कुकी समुदाय ने मणिपुर हाई कोर्ट के इस फैसले पर अपना विरोध जताया है. 
3.मणिपुर उच्च न्यायालय द्वारा लिए गए फैसले के विरोध में ऑल ट्राइबल स्टूडेंट्स यूनियन द्वारा एक मोर्चा का आयोजन किया गया। विरोध प्रदर्शन विष्णु नगर चुराचांद पुर में आयोजित किया गया, जिसमें युवाओं की बड़ी भागीदारी थी।
4.लेकिन विरोध करते समय मोर्चा करने वालों को लेकर विष्णु नगर जिले के नागरिकों के साथ बहस हो गई. यह विवाद भयानक हिंसा में बदल गया जिसमें मैतई और नागा कुकी समुदाय के लोगों ने एक-दूसरे के घर जला दिए.
5.बताया जा रहा है कि एक-दूसरे के घरों में तोड़फोड़ करने के अलावा आसपास के अन्य घरों, दुकानों, मंदिरों और पूजा स्थलों में भी तोड़फोड़ की गई.
इसके बाद जैसे-जैसे हिंसा का असर पूरे राज्य में फैलता गया, माहौल और गर्म होता गया, जिससे हिंसा और न बढ़े और किसी भी तरह की जनहानि को रोकने के लिए सुरक्षा के लिए सेना के जवानों और असम राइफल्स के जवानों को बुलाया गया। करीब सात हजार नागरिकों ने भी सुरक्षा के लिए सैन्य शिविरों और सरकारी दफ्तरों में शरण ली है. 

 

मैतई समुदाय की मांगें-

1.मणिपुर राज्य में मैतई समुदाय की मांग है कि इंफाल घाटी में मैतई समुदाय की आबादी अधिक है।
2.बांग्लादेश के साथ-साथ म्यांमार से लोगों की बढ़ती आमद के कारण मैतई समुदाय के लोगों को कई समस्याओं और कठिनाइयों का सामना करना पड़ रहा है।
3.वहीं अगर इस संबंध में नागा और कुकी समुदाय के लोगों की बात मानी जाए तो पहाड़ी इलाकों में नागा और कुकी समुदाय के लोगों को ऐसी कोई समस्या नहीं है क्योंकि उन्हें विभिन्न कानूनों के तहत सुरक्षा प्रदान की जाती है इसलिए कोई डर नहीं है. इसलिए उनकी जमीन पर अतिक्रमण का कोई डर नहीं है.
4.मणिपुर राज्य का 90 फीसदी हिस्सा पहाड़ों का है. यानी मैतई समुदाय के लोग मांग कर रहे हैं कि मैतई समुदाय को अनुसूचित जनजाति में शामिल किया जाए ताकि उन्हें इस दावे से सुरक्षा मिल सके कि उनकी पुश्तैनी जमीनें बाहरी लोगों द्वारा हड़पी जा रही हैं. इसलिए मैतई समुदाय के लोग मांग कर रहे हैं कि इससे सुरक्षा पाने के लिए मैतई समुदाय को अनुसूचित जनजाति में शामिल किया जाए.
5.मौजूदा कानून के प्रावधानों के कारण मैतई समुदाय के लोगों को पहाड़ी इलाकों में स्थायी रूप से रहने की इजाजत नहीं है.
6.मैतई समुदाय के लोगों की इन्हीं मांगों को पूरा कराने के लिए अनुसूचित जनजाति मांग समिति द्वारा आंदोलन किया जा रहा है.
7.यह आंदोलन मैतई समुदाय के लोगों द्वारा न केवल नौकरियों में आरक्षण पाने के लिए बल्कि पीढ़ी-दर-पीढ़ी संरक्षित अपनी पैतृक भूमि की संस्कृति, परंपरा और भाषा की रक्षा के लिए भी किया जा रहा है।

 

नागा और कुकी समुदाय मैतई समुदाय की मांगों का विरोध क्यों कर रहे हैं?

नागा और कुकी समुदाय के लोगों ने बताया कि अगर मैतई समुदाय को अनुसूचित जनजाति में शामिल किया गया तो उनके अधिकार प्रभावित होने की संभावना है.
·राज्य के मुख्यमंत्री ने वन भूमि को अतिक्रमणकारियों से मुक्त करने का आदेश जारी किया था। लेकिन इस आदेश को जारी करने के बाद, राज्य के वन्यजीव विभाग ने कुछ कुकियों को संरक्षित क्षेत्रों में रहते हुए भी बाहर निकाल दिया था।
·इसके साथ ही वन भूमि को लेकर सरकार की ओर से जारी आदेश में अतिक्रमण का जिक्र किया गया है. चूंकि अधिसूचना में अतिक्रमण शब्द का इस्तेमाल किया गया है, इसलिए सरकार यहां नागा और कुकी समुदाय की जमीनों पर बिना किसी तरह का नोटिस जारी किए कब्जा कर सकती है.
ऐसा यहां के नागा और कुकी समुदाय के लोगों ने कहा है. इसलिए नागा और कुकी समुदाय के लोग मैतई समुदाय के लोगों की मांग का विरोध कर रहे हैं.
मुख्यमंत्री एन बीरेन सिंह ने सभी लोगों से शांति और सद्भाव बनाए रखने की अपील की है। हया आंदोलन के हिंसक रूप लेने से कई लोगों की जान चली गई है। मणिपुर राज्य के कई नागरिकों को आर्थिक नुकसान भी हुआ है।

मणिपुर राज्य का संक्षिप्त परिचय –
·मणिपुर भारत के उत्तर-पूर्वी भाग में स्थित एक राज्य है। मणिपुर की राजधानी इंफाल है।
·मणिपुर राज्य के उत्तर में नागालाड, पश्चिम में असम, दक्षिण में मिजोरम और पूर्व में म्यांमार है। मणिपुर का कुल क्षेत्रफल 22327 वर्ग मीटर है।
·मणिपुर राज्य की जनसंख्या 27,21,755 है। यहां की मुख्य भाषा मणिपुरी है। मणिपुर की साक्षरता दर 79.85 प्रतिशत है। मुख्य फसलें सरसों और चावल हैं।
·मिजोरम राज्य की स्थापना 21 जनवरी 1972 को हुई थी। मणिपुर राज्य में कुल सोलह जिले हैं।
·मणिपुर राज्य की जनसंख्या में 53 प्रतिशत मणिपुरी लोग हैं। इसमें कुकी ज़ो जनजाति की जनसंख्या 16 प्रतिशत और नागा जनजाति की जनसंख्या 24 प्रतिशत है।
·यहां आदिवासी लोगों की संख्या राज्य की आबादी का लगभग 41 प्रतिशत बताई जाती है। मणिपुर की 53 प्रतिशत आबादी मैतई समुदाय की है। कहा जाता है कि इंफाल में इस मेतई समुदाय की संख्या अधिक है।